What is a Cervical Sprain/Strain?
Cervical sprains and strains are common injuries of the neck, resulting in pain, stiffness, muscle spasm or weakness. A cervical sprain is an injury to the ligaments in the neck. Cervical strains are injuries to the muscles in the neck. Strains and sprains are both caused by the stretching or tearing of soft tissue.
What is Cervical Disc Herniation?
Cervical disc herniation occurs when a cervical disc (located in the neck) presses on a nerve, causing pain to radiate down the arm and also occasionally causing tingling, numbness or weakness. The extent of the symptoms depends on how much compression of the nerve occurs and the location of the pain depends on the disc that is herniated..
What is Cervical Radiculopathy?
Cervical radiculopathy is a condition in which injury that occurs near the root of a nerve located between the cervical vertebrae (in the neck) causes pain, weakness or numbness in other locations along the nerve pathway, such as the arm, shoulder, hand, wrist or fingers. Symptoms result from pressure that is exerted on the root of the nerve due to the nerve being compressed by the surrounding cervical discs.
What is Muscle Spasm?
A muscle spasm is an involuntary contraction of a muscle or feeling of muscle tightness that usually occurs suddenly, is often painful, and typically does not last long. Muscle spasms are similar to muscle cramps. Muscle spasms have many causes, but if they are caused by an injury that is not treated, they may turn into muscle knots, or myofascial trigger points, which are painful and long lasting.
What is Degenerative Disc Disease?
Degenerative disc disease relates to changes that occur in the discs throughout the spine as a person naturally ages. The spinal discs, which function as shock absorbers for the spine, separate the vertebrae, and allow the spine to remain flexible, break down over time and can cause painful conditions such as herniated discs, spinal stenosis or osteoarthritis. Degeneration of spinal discs can occur anywhere throughout the spine, but most often occur in the cervical region (neck) or lumbar region (lower back).
What is Arthritis?
There are many types of arthritis, a condition that primarily causes inflammation, pain and limited mobility in the joints. Symptoms of arthritis are caused by a breakdown of cartilage surrounding the joint, which normally acts like a shock absorber and prevents bones from rubbing together. Some types of arthritis are a result of regular or excessive wear and tear on the joints and cartilage surrounding the joints, while others are a result of metabolic or immune system abnormalities, infections or injury. Each type of arthritis has slightly different symptoms, causes and treatments.