De Quervain’s tenosynovitis is a condition in which the tendons on the inside of the wrist near the base of the thumb are inflamed (the extensor pollicis brevis and the abductor pollicis longus), causing pain with certain wrist and thumb movements.
Tendonitis is an inflammation or irritation of a tendon, a cord-like structure that connects muscles to bones. There are hundreds of tendons located throughout the body. Tendonitis can occur in any part of the body in which tendons are located, but most often occurs in certain locations such as the elbow, shoulder (rotator cuff), wrist, knee, hip and ankle (Achilles tendon). Tendonitis typically causes pain due to inflammation and swelling. In some cases, a loss of mobility of the joint will occur due to excessive inflammation.
A ganglion cyst, also known as a Bible cyst, is a benign tumor-like growth that occurs on the fingers, hands or wrists, and is situated over a tendon or joint. The cysts can also develop on the feet and ankles. The growth is filled with a thick clear liquid or jelly-like substance. The cyst can develop as a single growth or there can be multiple smaller cysts that are connected by a common stalk deep within the tissue.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition in which compression of the median nerve in the wrist causes pain, tingling, numbness or weakness in the palm side of the hand and fingers. More severe cases of the condition can lead to permanent muscle damage.
What is Arthritis?
There are many type of arthritis, a condition that primarily causes inflammation, pain and limited mobility in the joints. Symptoms of arthritis are caused by a breakdown of cartilage surrounding the joint, which normally acts like a shock absorber and prevents bones from rubbing together. Some types of arthritis are a result of regular or excessive wear and tear on the joints and cartilage surrounding the joints, while others are a result of metabolic or immune system abnormalities, infections or injury. Each type of arthritis has slightly different symptoms, causes and treatments.
A wrist/hand sprain or strain involves an injury to the soft tissues of the wrist, hand or fingers. Sprains involve injury to ligaments (the bands of tissue that connect bones together) within the joint and commonly occur in the wrist or fingers. Strains refer to injuries of muscles and tendons and are less likely to occur than sprains in this region.
Trigger finger, also known as stenosing tenosynovitis, is a locking or catching of the finger joint due to limited mobility of the tendons responsible for opening and closing the finger. The finger becomes difficult to extend, may pop or snap upon extension, or may become completely locked in a bent position.