Ankle & Foot

Ankle Sprain/Strain

What is an Ankle Sprain/Strain?
An ankle sprain or strain involves an injury to the soft tissues of the ankle. Sprains involve injury to ligaments (the bands of tissue that connect bones together) within the joint and strains refer to injuries of muscles and tendons.

Achilles Tendonitis

What is Achilles Tendonitis?
Achilles tendonitis is an inflammation, irritation, or degeneration of tissue of the Achilles tendon, causing pain in the heel or in the lower leg above the heel. The Achilles tendon connects the muscles in the back of the leg (lower calf) to the foot (at the heel) and is the largest tendon in the body. The injury can be acute or chronic and is most commonly seen in runners and athletes. Individuals with Achilles tendonitis may have a difficult time walking.


What Is Tendonitis?
Tendonitis is an inflammation or irritation of a tendon, a cord-like structure that connects muscles to bones. There are hundreds of tendons located throughout the body. Tendonitis can occur in any part of the body in which tendons are located, but most often occurs in certain locations such as the elbow, shoulder (rotator cuff), wrist, knee, hip and ankle (Achilles tendon). Tendonitis typically causes pain due to inflammation and swelling. In some cases, a loss of mobility of the joint will occur due to excessive inflammation.

Shin Splints

What are Shin Splints?
Shin splints are an injury causing pain along the lower front of the leg (along the front and inside edge of the shin). The pain is caused by stress on the shinbone (tibia) and the connective tissues that attach the muscles in the lower leg to the shinbone. Shin splints are also known as medial tibial stress syndrome.

Ankle Instability

What Is Ankle Instability?
Chronic ankle instability is a condition in which the ankle repeatedly “gives out” while engaged in physical activities, walking, standing, or when weight or pressure is placed on the ankle. Instability typically affects the lateral side (outside) of the ankle, resulting in a turning in, or inversion, of the ankle. Ankle instability can result in constant or recurrent pain, tenderness, swelling, and a feeling that the ankle may give out at any time.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

What Is Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome?
Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a condition in which compression of the posterior tibial nerve, located within the tarsal tunnel on the inside of the ankle, causes pain, tingling, numbness or weakness in the ankle and foot. More severe cases of the condition can result in permanent nerve damage. The causes and effects of tarsal tunnel syndrome on the ankle and foot are similar to those of carpal tunnel syndrome on the wrist and hand.

Plantar Fasciitis

What Is Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar fasciitis is a condition causing pain, irritation, inflammation and swelling along the plantar fascia ligament in the bottom of the foot and the heel. Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common causes of foot pain.


What is Arthritis?
There are many type of arthritis, a condition that primarily causes inflammation, pain and limited mobility in the joints. Symptoms of arthritis are caused by a breakdown of cartilage surrounding the joint, which normally acts like a shock absorber and prevents bones from rubbing together. Some types of arthritis are a result of regular or excessive wear and tear on the joints and cartilage surrounding the joints, while others are a result of metabolic or immune system abnormalities, infections or injury. Each type of arthritis has slightly different symptoms, causes and treatments.

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